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31 October 2019 Detection of Theileria luwenshuni (Piroplasmida: Theileriidae) from ticks infesting goats in peninsular Malaysia
Fang Shiang Lim, Jing Jing Khoo, Morvarid Akhavanrezeai, Shih Keng Loong, Chee Sieng Khor, Sazaly Abubakar
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Abstract

Piroplasmic parasites such as Theileria and Babesia commonly infect important livestock animals, leading to economic losses in the livestock industry. These parasites are primarily transmitted by ticks found infesting livestock animals. In Malaysia, livestock diseases caused by tick-borne pathogens are still under-studied, even though tick infestations are common in many livestock farms. Here, we molecularly detect a Theileria sp. from Haemaphysalis bispinosa ticks infesting goats in a privately-owned farm in Perak, peninsular Malaysia. PCR was performed on the DNA extracted from ticks to determine the presence of piroplasms. Three ticks were found PCR-positive for piroplasms. Sequence analyses of partial 18S rRNA gene sequences revealed the presence of a Theileria species at 100% identity to Theileria luwenshuni. Our findings suggest the presence of T. luwenshuni, a highly pathogenic Theileria sp. to sheep and goats, in the small ruminant industry in Malaysia.

© Systematic & Applied Acarology Society
Fang Shiang Lim, Jing Jing Khoo, Morvarid Akhavanrezeai, Shih Keng Loong, Chee Sieng Khor, and Sazaly Abubakar "Detection of Theileria luwenshuni (Piroplasmida: Theileriidae) from ticks infesting goats in peninsular Malaysia," Systematic and Applied Acarology 24(10), 1971-1974, (31 October 2019). https://doi.org/10.11158/saa.24.10.14
Received: 7 May 2019; Accepted: 6 August 2019; Published: 31 October 2019
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KEYWORDS
livestock
Malaysia
Theileria
Tropical infectious diseases
vector-borne diseases
Veterinary implications
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