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6 September 2019 Effects of alternative and natural prey on body size, locomotion and dispersal of Neoseiulus bicaudus (Acari: Phytoseiidae)
Jie Su, Min Liu, Zhen-Shi Fu, An-Di Zhu, Jian-Ping Zhang
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Abstract

Prey are very important for the mass rearing of natural enemies and can affect the efficiency and quality of natural enemy products. Locomotion is important in dispersal of predatory mites on plants, and such activity is affected by body size and prey availability. The study evaluates the effects of prey (alternative prey: Tyrophagus putrescentiae Schrank and natural prey: Tetranychus turkestani Ugarov & Nikolskii) on the body size, locomotion and dispersal of the predatory mite Neoseiulus bicaudus Wainstein. When fed the alternative prey, the body size and locomotion of N. bicaudus were significantly lower than when fed the natural prey. However, the dispersal of N. bicaudus fed the two prey types was similar. The results suggest that long-term feeding on alternative prey could decrease the body size and locomotion of N. bicaudus. Nevertheless, the negative effects of alternative prey did not appear to affect the dispersal of N. bicaudus. The likely reason is that the type of prey does not affect the ability of the predatory mite to locate spider mites. In other words, when it fed alternative prey, N. bicaudus could still successfully disperse and locate spider mite-infested plants in the same way as when fed the natural prey.

© Systematic & Applied Acarology Society
Jie Su, Min Liu, Zhen-Shi Fu, An-Di Zhu, and Jian-Ping Zhang "Effects of alternative and natural prey on body size, locomotion and dispersal of Neoseiulus bicaudus (Acari: Phytoseiidae)," Systematic and Applied Acarology 24(9), 1579-1591, (6 September 2019). https://doi.org/10.11158/saa.24.9.1
Received: 15 June 2019; Accepted: 26 August 2019; Published: 6 September 2019
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KEYWORDS
dispersal
locomotion
Phytoseiidae
Tetranychus turkestani
Tyrophagus putrescentiae
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