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14 September 2020 Host preference, population dynamics, distribution, and injuries of Oligonychus punicae (Acari: Tetranychidae) in an eucalyptus clonal minigarden
José Cláudio Barros Ferraz, Silvestre Moreira Da Silva, Solange Maria De França, Paulo Roberto Ramalho Silva, José Wagner Da Silva Melo, Debora Barbosa De Lima
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Abstract

Oligonychus punicae has potential for development in several species of eucalyptus. In this study was evaluated the preference for permanence and oviposition of O. punicae in different eucalyptus species. Additionally, we evaluated its dynamics and population distribution, as well as injuries in strains of Eucalyptus urophylla in a clonal minigarden. The preference for permanence and oviposition of O. punicae was evaluated using a test with and without choice in six species of Eucalyptus. We also analyzed the dynamics, population distribution and injury levels by O. punicae on E. urophylla in a clonal minigarden. We collected samples for 24 months and counted the number of eggs, immature and adult individuals. We calculated the Morisita dispersion index. We estimated injuries on leaves of E. urophylla using visual notes. In the test with choice, Eucalyptus urophylla was the preferred host of O. punicae for permanence and oviposition. In the test without choice, the oviposition of O. punicae in eucalyptus species did not differ statistically until 24 hours of evaluation. However, there was a significant difference after 48 hours, with greater oviposition on Eucalyptus brassiana, Eucalyptus tereticornis and Eucalyptus grandis. In the population survey, we collected 3,293 mites. The population peak of O. punicae occurred in March and April 2018 and April 2019. Oligonychus punicae presented an aggregate distribution and caused injuries of 20% on average in leaves. These results are important to guide management strategies in specific infestation foci and optimizing the use of phytosanitary products.

© Systematic & Applied Acarology Society
José Cláudio Barros Ferraz, Silvestre Moreira Da Silva, Solange Maria De França, Paulo Roberto Ramalho Silva, José Wagner Da Silva Melo, and Debora Barbosa De Lima "Host preference, population dynamics, distribution, and injuries of Oligonychus punicae (Acari: Tetranychidae) in an eucalyptus clonal minigarden," Systematic and Applied Acarology 25(9), 1649-1660, (14 September 2020). https://doi.org/10.11158/saa.25.9.10
Received: 12 May 2020; Accepted: 22 July 2020; Published: 14 September 2020
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KEYWORDS
foliar damage
oviposition
population fluctuation
spatial distribution
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