A new species of Ficus sect. Pharmacosycea, occurring in the Venezuelan Amazon, is here described and illustrated as Ficus crateriformis Pederneiras and Romaniuc. The new species shows similarities with F. carvajalii, F. macrosyce and F. pulchella although it is characterized mainly by the crateriform apex of the syconium, and leaf blades 12–19 cm long with 19–23 pairs of lateral veins. Discussions on taxonomy and geographic distribution are provided, as well as an identification key to the species in Venezuela.
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Vol. 40 • No. 2