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5 February 2019 Between Spines and Molecules: A Total Evidence Phylogeny of the Brazilian Endemic Genus Encholirium (Pitcairnioideae, Bromeliaceae)
Mariana Neves Moura, Fernanda Santos-Silva, Janaína Gomes-da-Silva, João Paulo Pereira de Almeida, Rafaela Campostrini Forzza
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Abstract

We performed a phylogenetic study of Encholirium (Bromeliaceae, Pitcairnioideae) to test if this Brazilian endemic genus is monophyletic when including additional species and morphological characters compared to previous studies. Extensive fieldwork to increase the sampling of Encholirium and evolutionary analyses were conducted. Species of Fosterella, the sister group of the xeric clade of Pitcairnioideae, were used as outgroups. We analyzed two chloroplast DNA sequence markers (matK and ndhF) and 49 morphological characters with maximum parsimony analyses (MP), Bayesian inference (BI), and maximum likelihood (ML) with different sampling in the molecular analyses than the morphological. The phylogenetic analyses of the datasets, both independently and combined, did not recover Encholirium as monophyletic. We found few variable sites in the sequences used. This result is evidence of low nucleotide divergence and corroborates the hypothesis of the recent evolutionary history of these plants. The morphological differences between Dyckia and Encholirium, which are demonstrably associated with distinct pollination syndromes, ant-plant interactions, and single-multiple reproductive episodes, likely emerged in a short period of diversification in species assigned to these two genera.

© Copyright 2019 by the American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Mariana Neves Moura, Fernanda Santos-Silva, Janaína Gomes-da-Silva, João Paulo Pereira de Almeida, and Rafaela Campostrini Forzza "Between Spines and Molecules: A Total Evidence Phylogeny of the Brazilian Endemic Genus Encholirium (Pitcairnioideae, Bromeliaceae)," Systematic Botany 44(1), 14-25, (5 February 2019). https://doi.org/10.1600/036364419X697859
Published: 5 February 2019
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
Campos rupestres
Deuterocohnia
Dyckia
inselbergs
rocky outcrop
xeric clade
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