With ca. 2500 species, Myrteae is the largest tribe of Myrtaceae and one of the most diverse groups of flowering plants in the tropical Americas. In light of recent systematics adjustments, the present study is a review and provides new insights into floral diversity and evolution in Myrteae. General aspects of floral ontogeny and morphology for the fifty currently accepted genera plus all accepted sections within the large genera Eugenia and Myrcia are summarized based on current morphological data. The discussion provides a broader understanding of the floral diversity across the tribe, highlighting developmental modes, ecological traits, and specializations in reproductive strategies. Hypotheses to be tested in future studies are also presented and discussed.
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Vol. 44 • No. 3