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11 August 2020 Cuscuta sect. Californicae (Convolvulaceae) Revisited: ‘Cryptic’ Speciation and Host Range Differentiation
Mihai Costea, Hiba ElMiari, Roula Farag, Christopher Fleet, Saša Stefanović
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Abstract

Cuscuta californica complex (sensu lato, s. l.) is a western North American group of species in which the infrastaminal scales are reduced, making the morphological delimitation of species particularly challenging. A revision of this group was prompted by the discovery of an apparent new species from central California based primarily on molecular means. Driven by this finding, the morphological limits of C. californica s. l. species were comprehensively re-evaluated through a morphometric study. DNA sequences from plastid (trnLF region and rbcL), nuclear ribosomal ITS and 26S rDNA, as well as a low-copy nuclear pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) gene were used to reconstruct evolutionary relationships among taxa. Last but not least, the host range of relevant taxa was determined using herbarium specimens. Molecular results strongly supported the new species, C. difficilis, which was found to be morphologically separated from C. brachycalyx only by subtle calyx lobe and corolla tube shape differences. Despite sharing some of the hosts, all the members of C. californica s. l. exhibited a differentiation of their host ranges. An identification key and description of the new species were provided together with a discussion on the systematics and host range of C. californica s. l.. Hybridization, accompanied by plastid capture, was suggested as a possible mechanism of speciation for C. brachycalyx.

© Copyright 2020 by the American Society of Plant Taxonomists
Mihai Costea, Hiba ElMiari, Roula Farag, Christopher Fleet, and Saša Stefanović "Cuscuta sect. Californicae (Convolvulaceae) Revisited: ‘Cryptic’ Speciation and Host Range Differentiation," Systematic Botany 45(3), 638-651, (11 August 2020). https://doi.org/10.1600/036364420X15935294613428
Published: 11 August 2020
JOURNAL ARTICLE
14 PAGES


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KEYWORDS
Dodder
host specificity
hybridization
morphometry
new species
Parasitic plants
phylogeny
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