Puddling in female butterflies is rare. When it has been reported in Papilio females they were alone and usually worn, unlike males which cluster and are usually recently eclosed. A fresh female of P. canadensis was found puddling on fresh mammal dung with a group of nine P. canadensis males. To my knowledge, such an observation has never been reported for any species of the swallowtail butterflies (Papilionidae).
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Vol. 147 • No. 1