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1 April 2002 Survival of and Herbivore Damage to a Cohort of Quercus rubra Planted Across a Forest—Old-field Edge
SCOTT J. MEINERS, MATTHEW J. MARTINKOVIC
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Abstract

Forest edges are known to affect plant community composition and habitat use by animals. However, the direct influence of edges in determining patterns of tree regeneration is poorly understood. Survival of and herbivore damage to Quercus rubra seedlings were experimentally determined for seedlings planted across a forest—old-field edge gradient. Seedling survival was lowest inside the forest (1%), intermediate at the edge (25%) and highest within the old-field portion of the gradient (49%). Deer herbivory decreased with increasing distance into the old field. Seedling survival increased under Rosa multiflora and decreased in plots with mammalian herbivory. Seedling height was significantly affected by distance from the edge but was unaffected by mammalian herbivory. Based on our results, herbivore effects on Quercus rubra growth and survivorship appear secondary to influences of distance from the forest edge.

SCOTT J. MEINERS and MATTHEW J. MARTINKOVIC "Survival of and Herbivore Damage to a Cohort of Quercus rubra Planted Across a Forest—Old-field Edge," The American Midland Naturalist 147(2), 247-255, (1 April 2002). https://doi.org/10.1674/0003-0031(2002)147[0247:SOAHDT]2.0.CO;2
Accepted: 1 October 2001; Published: 1 April 2002
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