1 July 2008 Winter Use of Senescent Herbaceous Plants by White-Tailed Deer in Minnesota
Steve K. Windels, Peter A. Jordan
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During winter in northern North America, white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) have been reported to consume non-woody browse items such as dried leaves (of woody plants), lichens, and evergreen herbaceous plants. We report use of five species of senescent (dead) herbaceous perennial plants in winter by a high density white-tailed deer herd in south-central Minnesota during a winter of average snow depths and below average temperatures. While low in digestible energy, senescent herbaceous material may present deer with a forage item higher in digestible protein than larger diameter woody twigs during periods of nutritional stress.

Steve K. Windels and Peter A. Jordan "Winter Use of Senescent Herbaceous Plants by White-Tailed Deer in Minnesota," The American Midland Naturalist 160(1), 253-258, (1 July 2008). https://doi.org/10.1674/0003-0031(2008)160[253:WUOSHP]2.0.CO;2
Received: 27 August 2007; Accepted: 1 January 2008; Published: 1 July 2008
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