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1 January 2009 Ethics For and Responsibilities of Authors, Reviewers and Editors in Science
Leslie N. Carraway
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Science is made of building blocks, that is, one piece of knowledge leads to or combines with another piece ad infinitum. Consequently, for the process of science to work, everyone involved must be able to count on everyone else to conduct their work in a straightforward manner involving no deception. As scientists, authors, reviewers and editors have the responsibility to the global scientific community to help train the next generation of scientists to recognize the differences between ethical and unethical behaviors. To assist in this process discussions are included of the obligations and limitations of authors, reviewers and editors. Also, included are discussions concerning usage of copyrighted materials, advocacy, coauthorship, conflicts of interest, publishing rights and responsibilities and characteristics of a good review. To assist understanding of these concepts, are a series of hypothetical Case Studies intended to allow students of science to consider, discuss and challenge their thinking related to the integrity of research and publishing in science.

Leslie N. Carraway "Ethics For and Responsibilities of Authors, Reviewers and Editors in Science," The American Midland Naturalist 161(1), 146-164, (1 January 2009).
Received: 7 November 2007; Accepted: 1 March 2008; Published: 1 January 2009

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