Individuals within a population vary in important fitness components, such as reproductive success. In general, females can maximize the number of young they produce by altering either the number of young per breeding attempt or the number of breeding attempts per season. In short-lived species, and especially in small passerine birds, number of breeding attempts per season varies markedly among individuals. Here, we evaluated factors influencing whether female Blackthroated Blue Warblers (Dendroica caerulescens) initiated additional nests after a successful breeding attempt (i.e. double-brooded). The percentage of females that laid a second clutch after successfully fledging a first brood ranged from 0 to 87% and averaged 53% (n = 7 years). Multiple logistic regression and AICc model selection indicated that double-brooded females bred in territories with greater food availability and produced heavier nestlings than single-brooded females. Female age, male age, date of first breeding attempt, and number of young in the first clutch were not included in the best-fit model. Older females, however, produced heavier fledglings, and females mated to older males occurred on territories with greater food availability, indicating that age contributed to individual variation in reproductive output. Because the proportion of females that produce multiple broods within a season can have a substantial effect on the annual fecundity of a population, variation among females and among the territories they occupy (i.e. habitat quality) are key factors influencing population dynamics in this and other multibrooded, shortlived species.
Poner Nidadas Dobles o No? Variación Individual en el Esfuerzo Reproductivo en Dendroica caerulescens