Reconnecting forest patches, including those of floodplain forest, often involves the creation of long, narrow corridors that have the potential to act as ecological traps for wildlife. We examined the effect of forest width and habitat composition of the landscapes immediately around nest patches on survival and parasitism of 359 Acadian Flycatcher (Empidonax virescens) nests in the Cache River Bioreserve in southern Illinois. Nests were distributed among 19 floodplain forest corridors along a small river system that is being restored and reconnected along its original floodplain. The corridors spanned a range of widths (80–3,170 m) and varied with the presence or absence of natural water-related habitats (beaver ponds, backwater swamps, and creeks). Although nest success varied slightly between stages of the breeding cycle, confidence intervals overlapped, which suggests constant nest success throughout the breeding cycle. Nest survival was relatively high by regional standards but did not vary significantly with any of the landscape variables measured. Contrary to predictions, probabilities of brood parasitism decreased with increasing proportions of anthropogenic habitats surrounding nests. Probabilities of brood parasitism also decreased, but only slightly, as the breeding season progressed. Finally, Acadian Flycatcher nests were located significantly more often near natural (forest-water interface) edges than expected at random. Narrow corridors such as those along floodplain restoration projects do not necessarily create ecological traps for all forest species. Acadian Flycathcers, however, are one of the only forest-nesting Neotropical migrants that nest in narrow corridors and, therefore, may be less vulnerable to negative effects of fragmentation.
Éxito de Nidificación de Empidonax virescens en Corredores de Bosque de Planicies Inundables