1 January 2009 Host Selection by Agrilus Planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae): Inferences from Sticky-Band Trapping
D. Barry Lyons, Peter de Groot, Gene C. Jones, Roger Scharbach
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Sticky-band trapping experiments were undertaken in 2003–2006 to examine the host-seeking behaviour of the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire, in woodlots in southwestern Ontario, Canada. The female proportion of A. plannipennis emerging from host logs ranged from 0.414 to 0.582. Landings on sticky-band traps varied more with the female proportion, ranging from 0.392 to 0.889, with the majority in the upper range, suggesting behavioural differences between the sexes. Correlations between landing density and tree size measured as diameter at breast height were positive or showed no relationship. In some locations more beetles were captured on the south side of the tree than on the north side; however, there was no difference between these cardinal directions at other locations. Numbers of captured beetles were never significantly greater on the north side of boles. We observed greater landing densities of adults of both sexes on traps on trees along the edges of woodlots than on trees within the woodlots. When given a choice under natural conditions, beetles landed almost exclusively on host trees (Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marsh. (Oleaceae)) rather than on other common trees species (Carya ovata (Mill.) K. Koch (Juglandaceae), Tilia americana L. (Tiliaceae), and species of Acer L. (Aceraceae)) found in the same woodlots. Our data suggest that A. planipennis make host-selection decisions while in flight rather than landing randomly. Implications for monitoring A. plannipennis using sticky-band traps and understanding its host-seeking behaviour are discussed.

© 2009 Entomological Society of Canada
D. Barry Lyons, Peter de Groot, Gene C. Jones, and Roger Scharbach "Host Selection by Agrilus Planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae): Inferences from Sticky-Band Trapping," The Canadian Entomologist 141(1), 40-52, (1 January 2009). https://doi.org/10.4039/n08-045
Received: 30 May 2008; Accepted: 1 October 2008; Published: 1 January 2009

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