The genus Lymantes Schönherr, 1838 is revised for the USA. Five species are recognized: L. scrobicollis Gyllenhal, 1838 (widespread in the eastern United States); L. repens (Casey, 1892), new combination (California, Oregon and Washington); L. nadineae Anderson, 2009 (caves, central Texas); L. fowleri Anderson, new species (central Texas); and L. obrieni Anderson, new species (western Texas and southeastern Arizona). Typhloglymma puteolatum Dury, 1901, Lymantes puteolatum dietrichi Sleeper, 1965, Lymantes arkansasensis Sleeper, 1965, and Lymantes sandersoni Sleeper, 1965 are all here considered new junior subjective synonyms of L. scrobicollis. Metopotoma Casey, 1892 and Anculopus Van Dyke, 1927 are here considered new junior synonyms of Lymantes. A key to the five species, distributions, and natural history information are presented. Lymantes adults lack eyes (L. nadineae) or have a moderately to markedly reduced number of eye facets and are generally only encountered through Berlese or Winkler extractions of leaf litter. Immatures and other details of biology are unknown.
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Vol. 70 • No. 1