We investigated population trends, adult survival, and productivity indices of a breeding population of Warbling Vireos (Vireo gilvus) in north coastal California using capture-recapture data from 19 years of standardized mist-netting conducted at Point Reyes National Seashore. We found significant long-term declines in abundance of both breeding and migratory Warbling Vireos. In addition, we found a significant long-term decline of hatching-year birds captured during the breeding season. The number of new adults in a given year, defined as those birds not previously banded and assumed to be an index of adult recruitment, was significantly correlated with the capture rate of hatching-year birds in the previous year, suggesting a link between reproductive success and adult abundance and recruitment. Our analysis of capture-recapture data provided an estimate of 50.4% for adult annual survival, similar to estimates for other species in stable populations. We could detect no temporal trend in survival. Nest survivorship from areas near our netting site was relatively low. We suggest that the decline of breeding and migratory populations of Warbling Vireos observed in coastal California may be the result of low productivity on the breeding grounds.
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Vol. 102 • No. 3