I investigated the relationship of plumage to age and sex in the Lance-tailed Manakin (Pipridae, Chiroxiphia lanceolata) in the lowlands of western Panama from 1999–2004. I captured birds in mist nets, categorized their plumages, examined them for molt, and followed them for several years to document plumage changes. Male Lance-tailed Manakins exhibited three distinct postjuvenal plumages. Males achieved definitive adult plumage through sequential changes that occurred in the same order as in other Chiroxiphia manakins. Definitive male plumage developed over the same time span as reported for C. caudata but one year faster than C. linearis. Juvenal male plumage was similar to that of females, and 5% of 226 females had plumage similar to formative male plumage. Genetic sexing verified that changes observed late in the formative male plumage unambiguously identified sex and age of individual birds. This information can be used in behavioral studies to identify the age of male Lance-tailed Manakins captured in any of the predefinitive plumage stages.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 107 • No. 4