The Strange-tailed Tyrant (Alectrurus risora) is an endangered obligate grassland bird that inhabits savannas, wet grasslands and marshes in southern Paraguay and northeastern Argentina. We evaluated the extent of social polygyny, main measures of reproduction (clutch size, hatching success, and chick survival), and factors that influence nest success in this species. We also estimated the reproductive success of females and males by measuring the number and fate of nesting attempts by banded females and the number of females per a male's territory. More than 80% of the males were polygynous. Males defended contiguous territories of 2-2.5 ha that included the territories of up to four females. Females built the nest, incubated the eggs, and brooded and fed the chicks. On average, successful nests fledged 2.3 chicks. Nest survival over the entire cycle was 0.23 and decreased with nest age and time of breeding. Most females made two or three nesting attempts per breeding season and bred in the same area for 2 or 3 consecutive years. In contrast, males rarely were seen in the same area more than 1 year, suggesting sexual differences in mortality. As a result of this, the reproductive succcess of females and males was similar. Our findings indicate that although males are highly polygynous and nest success is low, the high turnover of males in successive breeding seasons and the high probability of females' renesting within and in successive breeding seasons reduce the variance in reproductive success of both sexes.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 113 • No. 3