This paper presents electron micrographs of the genitalia of Alopecosa psammophila, describes the morphological characteristics of the species and also gives information on its habitat preference, the co-occurring ground-dwelling spiders, and the phenological characteristics of the species. Barber pitfall trappings have been carried out since 2000 in dry sandy grasslands in three regions of Hungary: the Kiskunság area (Kiskunság National Park); the Nyírség area (Hortobágy National Park); and since 2004 the Kisalföld area (Fertő-Hanság National Park). Specimens of the species, hitherto unknown in Hungary, have been collected from 17 localities in all three areas. We collected specimens in calciferous open sand steppes and in acidic open sand steppes. In the females, two activity periods were apparent (from April to end July and in October). A few males were collected in April and in October–November they had an extreme activity peak. We assume that the species has adult specimens throughout the winter. Alopecosa psammophila is most similar to Xysticus ninni Thorell, 1872 and Zelotes longipes (L. Koch 1866) in terms of its environmental needs.
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