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1 January 2000 Fatty Acid Composition of Four Microsporidian Species Compared to that of their Host Fishes
Corinne Biderre, Francois Babin, Christian P. Vivares
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The fatty acid composition of four microsporidian species (Glugea atherinae, Spraguea lophii, Glugea americanus, and Pleistophora mirandellae) and their host fishes has been determined using gas chromatography. Twenty-four fatty acids were identified with differences in relative abundance of fatty acids among the four parasites. Certain even-saturated fatty acids were found in a very high proportion: palmitic acid (16:0) represented one-third of total fatty acids in Pleistophora mirandellae. The level of docosahexaenoic acid (22:6ω3) attained 26–28% in Glugea atherinae, Spraguea lophii, and Glugea americanus, but only 8–9% in P. mirandellae. With respect to fatty acid compositions of host organs, some significant differences were evident between marine and freshwater fishes. Palmitic acid was prevalent in the marine fishes, Atherinae boyeri and Lophius piscatorius, and oleic acid (18:1ω9) in the freshwater fish Leuciscus cephalus. The proportion of docosahexaenoic acid in marine fishes was two or three times as great as in freshwater fish Leuciscus. The high polyunsaturated fatty acid content in both parasites and host fishes may be related to the scavenging of these fatty acids by the parasites rather than a microsporidia-specific fatty acid biosynthesis pathway.

Corinne Biderre, Francois Babin, and Christian P. Vivares "Fatty Acid Composition of Four Microsporidian Species Compared to that of their Host Fishes," The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 47(1), 7-10, (1 January 2000).
Received: 19 March 1999; Accepted: 18 September 1999; Published: 1 January 2000

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Glugea americanus
Glugea atherinae
Pleistophora mirandellae
Spraguea lophii
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