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18 November 2020 Influence of stand age, soil attributes, and cover type on Rubus (Rosaceae) seed bank abundance
Todd E. Ristau, Alejandro A. Royo
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We assessed Rubus seed bank abundance and variability in 39 stands located throughout northern Pennsylvania as part of a replicated chronosequence of age classes. Seed abundance declined precipitously after stand age 60 in the Allegheny hardwoods or after stand age 50 in the northern hardwood and oak forests. Variability among sites increased with stand age, resulting in less predictability of Rubus seed abundance. Rubus seed banks were more than twice as abundant in Allegheny and northern hardwoods as in mixed oaks. Rubus seed bank abundance decreased as percent clay in the soil increased. Given that Rubus seed bank abundance declines with age and seed abundance becomes more variable, we suggest that there will be less Rubus immediately following the stand-replacing disturbances in older stands, potentially changing plant competition dynamics and wildlife food sources.

©Copyright 2020 by The Torrey Botanical Society
Todd E. Ristau and Alejandro A. Royo "Influence of stand age, soil attributes, and cover type on Rubus (Rosaceae) seed bank abundance," The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 147(3), 222-231, (18 November 2020).
Received: 28 March 2017; Published: 18 November 2020

seed bank
seed longevity
temperate forests
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