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19 May 2022 Phallales fungi (Phallomycetidae, Basidiomycota) in Brazil: First checklist and key specific for the country
Mateus Santana Ribeiro, Tiara Sousa Cabral, Gislaine Cristina Souza Melanda, Renan de Lima Oliveira, Iuri Goulart Baseia, Bianca Denise Barbosa da Silva
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Abstract

The Phallales order has common names that are used to define groups based on basidiome shapes, such as Clathroid, Phalloid, and Lysuroid. However, up to now, there is no systematic and detailed information to define these and other basidiome shapes. New systematic definitions with notes on generic morphology and new nomenclatures are proposed to standardize the concepts related to the morphology of Phallales fungi, with illustrations for the main genres. In addition to the Clathroid, Laternoid, Lysuroid, and Phalloid forms, we proposed the division of the Clathroid type into two subdivisions (Lattice Clathroid and Columnar Clathroid) and the insertion of three new types of shape: Arachnoid, Floweroid, and Truffoid. We are also proposing a checklist and an identification key for all the species of Phallales in Brazil.

©Copyright 2022 by the Torrey Botanical Society
Mateus Santana Ribeiro, Tiara Sousa Cabral, Gislaine Cristina Souza Melanda, Renan de Lima Oliveira, Iuri Goulart Baseia, and Bianca Denise Barbosa da Silva "Phallales fungi (Phallomycetidae, Basidiomycota) in Brazil: First checklist and key specific for the country," The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 149(3), 230-252, (19 May 2022). https://doi.org/10.3159/TORREY-D-21-00043.1
Received: 24 December 2021; Published: 19 May 2022
JOURNAL ARTICLE
23 PAGES


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KEYWORDS
gasteroid fungi
morphology
mycology
Neotropics
Phalloid
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