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1 June 2007 Mortality at a Night Roost of Great-tailed Grackles and European Starlings During a Spring Hail Storm
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Abstract

We report on mortality caused by an evening hailstorm to a night-time roost of Great-tailed Grackles (Quiscalus mexicanus) and European Starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) in Austin, Texas. The hailstorm was of short duration (6 min), and hail stones were not too large (most <20 mm in diameter). Approximately 7% of female grackles, 12% of male grackles, and 26% of starlings died. Greater mortality in male grackles suggests that preferred roost locations were more exposed to hail.

David W. Hall and Tiffany M. Harvey "Mortality at a Night Roost of Great-tailed Grackles and European Starlings During a Spring Hail Storm," The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 119(2), 309-312, (1 June 2007). https://doi.org/10.1676/05-150.1
Received: 28 November 2005; Accepted: 1 September 2006; Published: 1 June 2007
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