The Black-faced Hawk (Leucopternis melanops) and White-browed Hawk (L. kuhli) are forest-based, Amazonian raptors whose distributions have been considered to be mutually exclusive north and south of the Amazon River, respectively. The occurrence of L. melanops south of the river was first indicated by a specimen collected by A. M. Olalla on the lower Tapajós River >70 years ago. The provenience of this specimen has been contested by diverse authors but both species were recently captured at localities along the lower Tapajós, corroborating the coexistence of L. melanops and L. kuhli in this region. We present four new specimen localities for L. melanops in southern Amazonia, greatly amplifying its known distribution. We also describe the immature plumage of L. kuhli based on three specimens that had been identified as L. melanops.
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Vol. 119 • No. 3