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1 December 2007 BREEDING PHENOLOGY AND SUCCESS OF BLACK SWIFTS IN BOX CANYON, OURAY, COLORADO
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Abstract

This study presents 11 years of nesting success and phenology data for Black Swifts (Cypseloides niger) at Box Canyon in Ouray, Colorado. Nest data were recorded on a near-daily basis for 160 nest attempts. Nesting success was 72% and mean and extreme dates of nesting events, including arrival, egg-laying, onset of incubation, hatching, and fledging are reported. On average, Black Swifts arrived on 13 June, egg laying started on 28 June, incubation started on 1 July, hatching occurred on 26 July, and fledging occurred on 13 September. The average incubation period was 26 days and the nestling phase was 48 days. In seven instances, a second egg appeared after loss of the first egg and, in one case, a third egg appeared. It was not possible to ascertain whether second or third eggs represented a renesting attempt or nest usurpation.

Sue E. Hirshman, Carolyn Gunn, and Richard G. Levad "BREEDING PHENOLOGY AND SUCCESS OF BLACK SWIFTS IN BOX CANYON, OURAY, COLORADO," The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 119(4), 678-685, (1 December 2007). https://doi.org/10.1676/06-112.1
Received: 23 August 2006; Accepted: 1 March 2007; Published: 1 December 2007
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