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1 March 2009 Long-term Pair Bonds in the Laysan Duck
Michelle H. Reynolds, James H. Breeden, Mark S. Vekasy, Tana M. Ellis
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We describe long-term pair bonds in the endangered Laysan Duck (Anas laysanensis), a dabbling duck endemic to the Hawaiian Archipelago. Individually marked birds were identified on Laysan Island between 1998 and 2006 (n = 613 marked adults). We recorded pair bonds while observing marked birds, and documented within and between year mate switches and multi-year pair bonds. Twenty pairs banded before 2001 had stable pair bonds lasting ≥5 years with a maximum enduring pair bond of nine breeding seasons. Understanding reproductive strategy, including mate retention, would aid conservation planning and management efforts for the Laysan Duck. Further study is needed to characterize the social system of this endangered species.

Michelle H. Reynolds, James H. Breeden, Mark S. Vekasy, and Tana M. Ellis "Long-term Pair Bonds in the Laysan Duck," The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121(1), 187-190, (1 March 2009).
Received: 12 December 2007; Accepted: 1 June 2008; Published: 1 March 2009

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