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1 September 2011 Species Rank of Phibalura (flavirostris) boliviana Based on Plumage, Soft Part Color, Vocalizations, and Seasonal Movements
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Abstract
The Swallow-tailed Cotinga (Phibalura flavirostris) has traditionally been considered to consist of two subspecies, P. f. flavirostris of southeastern Brazil's foothill forest and, isolated by ∼2,500 km, a population of P. f. boliviana in central-western Bolivia. The plumage of the two taxa is distinctly different; boliviana males have a longer tail, and body plumage is significantly less sexually dimorphic. The iris of boliviana is mustard yellow, distinct from the blood red iris of flavirostris. P. f. boliviana has dull to bright orange-yellow feet whereas flavirostris has pink feet. Only one vocalization type is recorded for P. f. flavirostris, whereas at least five calls and a song are known for P. f. boliviana, which vocalizes significantly more often. The Brazilian P. f. flavirostris has strong seasonal movements, whereas P. f. boliviana has no seasonal movements. Given the diagnosable differences between the two taxa, it is highly probable they are separate lineages. P. boliviana qualifies as critically endangered for its declining small population due to continual habitat loss.
and A. Bennett Hennessey "Species Rank of Phibalura (flavirostris) boliviana Based on Plumage, Soft Part Color, Vocalizations, and Seasonal Movements," The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123(3), (1 September 2011). https://doi.org/10.1676/10-190.1
Received: 7 December 2010; Accepted: 1 April 2011; Published: 1 September 2011
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