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24 December 2015 Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis) Parasitism Records for Three Globally Threatened Species from the South American Pampas
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Abstract

The Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis) is a generalist brood parasite known to have parasitized more than 200 species, many of which are able to rear cowbird young. Here I provide new records of Shiny Cowbird parasitism on three globally threatened birds from the Pampas of South America: Black-and-white Monjita (Xolmis dominicanus; vulnerable), Pampas Meadowlark (Sturnella defilippii; vulnerable), and Yellow Cardinal (Gubernatrix cristata; endangered). Cowbirds parasitized 24 out of 32 monjita nests, four out of 17 cardinal nests and three out of 169 meadowlark nests. These are the largest nest samples reported for the monjita and for the meadowlark, documented detailed parasitism records were lacking until now. In the case of the cardinal, data reported here complement information recently obtained in northeastern Argentina. Although habitat loss and illegal trapping may represent more important threats than brood parasitism, more studies are needed in order to establish the impact of brood parasitism on the fragmented and declining populations of these threatened Pampas passerines.

© 2015 The Wilson Ornithological Society
Adrián B. Azpiroz "Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis) Parasitism Records for Three Globally Threatened Species from the South American Pampas," The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 127(4), 746-752, (24 December 2015). https://doi.org/10.1676/15-007
Received: 7 January 2015; Accepted: 1 June 2015; Published: 24 December 2015
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