The genus Aptenopedes Scudder is revised. Two new related genera, Floritettix and Floridacris are described. Twentysix species are mapped and illustrated. Aptenopedes now encompases nine species of which five are new. Seven species or subspecies formerly included in Aptenopedes are here placed into the new genus Floritettix. Four taxa treated as subspecies of Aptenopedes aptera (borealis, coquinae, saturiba and simplex) are raised to species rank and placed in Floritettix. Two taxa treated as subspecies of Aptenopedes sphenarioides (appalachee and clara) are raised to species rank. Three new species and Aptenopedes robusta are assigned to the new genus Floridacris.