How to translate text using browser tools
1 January 2015 Morphological and Physiological Phenology of Pinus longaeva in the White Mountains of California
Christine Hallman, Howard Arnott
Author Affiliations +

Natural variations and responses to climate change can be identified within climatically sensitive ecosystems by monitoring growing season events. In 1962–1964, Fritts conducted a phenologic study on Pinus longaeva in the White Mountains of California. He monitored growing season events, environmental data, and dendrometer readings. In this study morphological and physiological phenophases, dendrometer traces, and environmental data were collected throughout the summers of 2007 and 2008 in the White Mountains of California to better understand variability in Pinus longaeva phenology and identify any shifts in the growing season since the 1962–1964 study (Fritts 1969). As a result of a late-season snow storm, observable phenophases in 2008 were 12 days later than in 2007. Pollination onset was slightly earlier than in the 1962–1964, which may indicate that accumulated heat or a combination of environmental factors influence these phenophases. Duration and timing of cambial activity in the present study was similar to that recorded in the Fritts (1969) investigation despite a median summer temperature increase of at least 2°C.

The Tree-Ring Society
Christine Hallman and Howard Arnott "Morphological and Physiological Phenology of Pinus longaeva in the White Mountains of California," Tree-Ring Research 71(1), 1-12, (1 January 2015).
Received: 24 August 2012; Accepted: 1 September 2014; Published: 1 January 2015
bristlecone pine
cambial growth
phenology variability
Get copyright permission
Back to Top