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1 December 2010 Breeding Waterbirds in Rice Fields: A Global Review
Sergio Pierluissi
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Abstract

Important and unique breeding bird communities occur in rice fields throughout the world, but little is known about breeding densities and nest success, and, therefore, the value of rice fields to breeding birds. Breeding bird use of rice fields is divided into five categories: 1) nesting in standing rice crop, 2) nesting on levees within fields or at field perimeters, 3) nesting in associated irrigation canals and ditches, 4) nesting in other wet areas that exist because of rice cultivation, and 5) use of fields for foraging, while breeding in adjacent habitats. Nest density and nest success vary greatly based on the region, management practices, and species' requirements. Birds commonly nesting in rice fields include ducks, bitterns, rails, shorebirds, terns and some passerines. Herons often use rice fields heavily while breeding in adjacent habitat. Research on nest densities, nest success, nestling and fledgling success, and microhabitat selection is needed to better understand the bird communities that use rice fields.

Sergio Pierluissi "Breeding Waterbirds in Rice Fields: A Global Review," Waterbirds 33(sp1), 123-132, (1 December 2010). https://doi.org/10.1675/063.033.s109
Received: 22 July 2008; Accepted: 15 May 2009; Published: 1 December 2010
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
breeding birds
cranes
nest density
nest success
rails
rice fields
Shorebirds
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