Maintaining appropriate developmental temperatures during avian incubation is costly to the parents, so embryos may experience pronounced variations in temperature that can lead to embryo mortality and extended incubation periods, or that could affect the offspring phenotype in several bird species. The egg temperatures (N = 28 eggs) of free-living Magellanic Penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) were recorded in a breeding colony in Puerto Deseado, Santa Cruz, Argentina. Three nests had atypical incubation patterns. Two nests experienced high temperature drops (average = 11.7°C, minimum = 6.5°C, duration = 9 h) and another nest had a broad daily temperature range (max-min), i.e. 13.9 ±0.9°C for the first egg and 14.1 ±0.8°C for the second egg (range = 8-22°C during egg laying and 18–37°C during advanced incubation). Thermal anomalies during incubation did not affect the embryonic viability, hatchling mass or fledging success. The survival of embryos despite these atypical incubation patterns may be an adaptive mechanism during the harsh weather conditions normally experienced by eggs throughout incubation.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 35 • No. 3