Vigilance is a behavior in birds that is used to detect predators and monitor rivals, and it can be affected by several environmental and social factors, including group size. Here, Black-necked Cranes (Grus nigricollis) were observed in winter in the Yarlung Zangbo Nature Reserve, Tibet, China, to examine the effect of group size on vigilance behavior at both the individual and group levels. At the individual level, individual Black-necked Cranes in large social groups spent less time in vigilant behavior than when in small family groups. At the social group level, the proportion of vigilant individuals decreased, while the proportion of intervals that at least one individual was vigilant increased, with increasing group size. There was a significant group size effect on vigilance behavior in wintering Black-necked Cranes at both of these levels.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 39 • No. 1