Disulfoton and phorate applied in the seed furrow greatly reduce clomazone phytotoxicity to cotton in the field, whereas aldicarb does not. An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of aldicarb, disulfoton, and phorate on 14C-clomazone absorption, translocation, and metabolism by cotton grown in a sandy loam soil. Clomazone at 0.87 μg g−1 of soil alone or in combination with aldicarb at 0.6 μg g−1 of soil reduced cotton root and shoot growth 26 to 33%. Root and shoot growth were not reduced by clomazone plus disulfoton or phorate at 0.6 μg g−1 of soil. Protection of cotton against injury by clomazone was not explained by reduced absorption or translocation of clomazone or a metabolite to the shoot. Clomazone metabolism was reduced by disulfoton and phorate, thus indicating a clomazone metabolite may be more toxic to cotton.
Nomenclature: Aldicarb; clomazone; disulfoton; phorate; cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L. ‘McNair 235’.