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1 November 2002 Inheritance of resistance in eastern black nightshade (Solanum nigrum) to acetolactate synthase inhibitors
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Abstract

Experiments were conducted to determine the inheritance of resistance in a Wisconsin accession of eastern black nightshade to acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibitors. ALS-inhibitor–susceptible (S) and ALS-inhibitor–resistant (R) plants were crossed (S × R), and inheritance was characterized in F1 and F2 generations. Inheritance was characterized further in progeny of reciprocal crosses (R × S) and backcrosses (BCs) (S × F1 and R × F1). In dose–response experiments, three- to four-leaved F1 plants were intermediate in response to imazethapyr compared with parent R and S plants. The imazethapyr ED50 value (the effective dose that reduced shoot dry biomass by 50% compared with nontreated plants) was 99.6 ± 13.6, 32.5 ± 8.9, 24.5 ± 3.3, and 0.6 ± 0.1 g ae ha−1 for R, F1 (R × S), F1 (S × R), and S plants, respectively. Similarly, the response of in vivo ALS activity in F1 plants to imazethapyr was intermediate compared with that of parent R and S plants. To differentiate among phenotypes in F2 generations and in BC generations, the response of three- to four-leaved plants to imazethapyr applied in a single dose was scored 21 d after treatment as R (no imazethapyr symptomology), S (total plant necrosis), or intermediate (I, severely stunted plants with chlorotic and twisted leaves at the apical meristem). R, I, and S phenotypes segregated in a 1:2:1 ratio in the F2 generation. S and I phenotypes segregated in a 1:1 ratio in progeny from F1 BCs to the S parent. Similarly, R and I phenotypes segregated in a 1:1 ratio in progeny from BCs to the R parent. Eastern black nightshade resistance to ALS inhibitors is associated with a single, nuclear, incompletely dominant allele, which codes for an insensitive form of the target ALS enzyme.

Nomenclature: Imazethapyr; eastern black nightshade, Solanum ptycanthum L. SOLPT.

Dean S. Volenberg and David E. Stoltenberg "Inheritance of resistance in eastern black nightshade (Solanum nigrum) to acetolactate synthase inhibitors," Weed Science 50(6), 731-736, (1 November 2002). https://doi.org/10.1614/0043-1745(2002)050[0731:IORIEB]2.0.CO;2
Received: 26 November 2001; Accepted: 5 June 2002; Published: 1 November 2002
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