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1 April 2012 Herbicidal Ionic Liquids with 2,4-D
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Abstract

Three herbicidal ionic liquids (HILs)—alkyldi(2-hydroxyethyl)methylammonium (2,4-dichlorophenoxy)acetate, dialkyldimethylammonium (2,4-dichlorophenoxy)acetate, and alkyltrimethylammonium (2,4-dichlorophenoxy)acetate—were synthesized and their activity against broad-leaved weeds was investigated under field conditions. HILs as [cation][2,4-D] used in winter wheat were much more active compared to 2,4-D-dimethylammonium salt and demonstrated efficacy similar to 2,4-D 2-ethylhexyl ester. HILs exhibited desirable surface properties such as low contact angle of droplets and low surface tension. Moreover, the HILs may be safer to operators and neighboring plants due to their nonvolatile nature. HILs at 450 g ha−1 of 2,4-D did not injure wheat.

Nomenclature: Alkyldi(2-hydroxyethyl)methylammonium (2,4-dichlorophenoxy)acetate; dialkyldimethylammonium (2,4-dichlorophenoxy)acetate; alkyltrimethylammonium (2,4-dichlorophenoxy)acetate.

Weed Science Society of America
Tadeusz Praczyk, Przemysław Kardasz, Ewa Jakubiak, Anna Syguda, Katarzyna Materna, and Juliusz Pernak "Herbicidal Ionic Liquids with 2,4-D," Weed Science 60(2), 189-192, (1 April 2012). https://doi.org/10.1614/WS-D-11-00171.1
Received: 11 October 2011; Accepted: 1 December 2011; Published: 1 April 2012
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