Translator Disclaimer
1 July 2013 Effect of Crop Residue on Seedling Emergence and Growth of Selected Weed Species in a Sprinkler-Irrigated Zero-Till Dry-Seeded Rice System
Bhagirath S. Chauhan, Seth B. Abugho
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Crop residues acting as mulches can influence weed seedling emergence and weed biomass. A field study was conducted to evaluate the effect of rice residue amounts (0, 3, and 6 t ha−1) on seedling emergence of eight weed species in zero-till dry-seeded rice. The highest seedling emergence of spiny amaranth, southern crabgrass, crowfootgrass, junglerice, eclipta, goosegrass, and Chinese sprangletop was observed in the absence of residue. Seedling emergence of these weeds declined with increasing residue amounts; however, the greatest and most substantial reductions in emergence occurred with 6 t ha−1 of residue. The presence of residue also resulted in less weed biomass than with the no-residue treatment. The emergence and biomass of threelobe morningglory seedlings, however, were not influenced by residue amounts. The use of residue also increased the time taken to reach 50% of maximum emergence for some species, for example, spiny amaranth and Chinese sprangletop. The results of our study suggest that the use of residue at high rates can help suppress seedling emergence and growth of many weeds. However, there is a need to integrate other weed management strategies with residue retention to achieve season-long weed control.

Nomenclature: Spiny amaranth, Amaranthus spinosus L. AMASP; crowfootgrass, Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. DTTAE; southern crabgrass, Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koel. DIGSP; junglerice, Echinochloa colona (L.) Link, ECHCO; eclipta, Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. ECLAL; goosegrass, Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. ELEIN; threelobe morningglory, Ipomoea triloba L. IPOTR; Chinese sprangletop, Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees. LEFCH; rice, Oryza sativa L.

Weed Science Society of America
Bhagirath S. Chauhan and Seth B. Abugho "Effect of Crop Residue on Seedling Emergence and Growth of Selected Weed Species in a Sprinkler-Irrigated Zero-Till Dry-Seeded Rice System," Weed Science 61(3), 403-409, (1 July 2013). https://doi.org/10.1614/WS-D-12-00147.1
Received: 24 September 2012; Accepted: 21 December 2012; Published: 1 July 2013
JOURNAL ARTICLE
7 PAGES


SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top