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1 January 2019 No Impact of Increased EPSPS Gene Copy Number on Growth and Fecundity of Glyphosate-Resistant Kochia (Bassia scoparia)
O. Adewale Osipitan, J. Anita Dille
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Abstract

The level of glyphosate resistance in kochia [Bassia scoparia (L.) A. J. Scott] was reported to be due to an increase in 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) gene copy number. A field study was conducted near Manhattan, KS, in 2014 and 2015 to evaluate the relationship between EPSPS gene copy number and growth and fecundity variables of B. scoparia individuals within suspected glyphosate-resistant (GR) populations from western Kansas. Initial assays of EPSPS gene copy and in vivo shikimate accumulation showed that B. scoparia populations from Finney (FN-R), Scott (SC-R), and Thomas (TH-R) counties were segregating for glyphosate resistance, with some individuals still being glyphosate susceptible (GS). A target-neighborhood competition approach was used to evaluate the competitive response of individual target plants with relatively low (classified as GS) and high (classified as GR) EPSPS gene copy number within the populations. There was no relationship observed between EPSPS gene copy number and vegetative or fecundity variables. There was no differential competitive response of target plant biomass to increasing neighbor density between individuals with low and high EPSPS gene copy number within each population. Lack of associated vegetative growth and fecundity cost to the increased EPSPS gene copy in the GR B. scoparia plants suggests that the plants are likely to persist in field populations, except when effective weed management strategies are adopted that would prevent their growth and seed production.

© Weed Science Society of America, 2018.
O. Adewale Osipitan and J. Anita Dille "No Impact of Increased EPSPS Gene Copy Number on Growth and Fecundity of Glyphosate-Resistant Kochia (Bassia scoparia)," Weed Science 67(1), 22-28, (1 January 2019). https://doi.org/10.1017/wsc.2018.82
Received: 7 September 2018; Accepted: 22 October 2018; Published: 1 January 2019
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KEYWORDS
5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase
EPSPS gene amplification
fecundity
vegetative growth
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