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1 August 2023 Characterization and Classification of Urban Weed Species in Northeast China Using Terrestrial Hyperspectral Images
Jinfeng Wang, Guoqing Chen, Jinyan Ju, Tenghui Lin, Ruidong Wang, Zhentao Wang
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Abstract

Weeds contribute to biodiversity and a wide range of ecosystem functions. It is crucial to map different weed species and analyze their physiological activities. Remote sensing techniques for plant identification, especially hyperspectral imaging, are being developed using spectral response patterns to vegetation for detection and species identification. A library of hyperspectral images of 40 urban weed species in northeast China was established in this study. A terrestrial hyperspectral camera was used to acquire 435 hyperspectral images. The hyperspectral information for each weed species was extracted and analyzed. The spectral characteristics and vegetation indices of different weeds revealed the differences between weed species in the cities of northeast China and indirectly characterized the growth and physiological activity levels of different species, but could not effectively distinguish different species. Five methods—first derivative spectrum (FDS), second derivative spectrum (SDS), standard normal variate (SNV), moving averages (MA), and Savitzky-Golay (SG) smoothing—were used to pretreat the spectral curves to maximize the retention of spectral characteristics while removing the influence of noise. We investigated the application of a convolutional neural network (CNN) with terrestrial hyperspectral remote sensing to identify urban weeds in northeast China. A CNN classification model was established to distinguish weeds from the hyperspectral images and demonstrated a test accuracy of 95.32% to 98.15%. The accuracy of the original spectrum was 97.45%; SNV had the best accuracy (98.15%) and SG was the least accurate (95.32%). This provides a baseline for understanding the hyperspectral characteristics of urban weed species and monitoring their growth. It also contributes to the development of a hyperspectral imaging database with global applicability.

Jinfeng Wang, Guoqing Chen, Jinyan Ju, Tenghui Lin, Ruidong Wang, and Zhentao Wang "Characterization and Classification of Urban Weed Species in Northeast China Using Terrestrial Hyperspectral Images," Weed Science 71(4), 353-368, (1 August 2023). https://doi.org/10.1017/wsc.2023.36
Received: 1 March 2023; Accepted: 23 June 2023; Published: 1 August 2023
KEYWORDS
convolutional neural network
hyperspectral library
physiological activity
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