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1 October 2003 Preharvest Applications of Glyphosate Affect Emergence and Seedling Growth of Field Pea (Pisum sativum)
MIRZA N. BAIG, A. LLOYD DARWENT, K. NEIL HARKER, JOHN T. O'DONOVAN
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Abstract

Field experiments were conducted in 1994 and 1995 at Vegreville, Legal, and Lacombe, AB, to determine the effects of a preharvest application of glyphosate on seedling emergence and growth of field pea. Glyphosate was applied at 0.9 kg ai/ha at each of the three crop development stages, as determined by seed moisture content (SMC), to determinate (‘Ascona’ and ‘Radley’) and indeterminate (‘Miko’ and ‘Trapper’) cultivars. Applying glyphosate when the SMC was less than 30% had little to no effect on seedling emergence but reduced seedling shoot fresh weight in two of six experiments. Applying glyphosate at SMC above 40% reduced seedling emergence and shoot fresh weight in two and three of the six experiments, respectively. Reductions in seedling emergence and shoot fresh weight were greater from seeds collected from the top than from seeds collected from the bottom one-third of sprayed plants. Differences in response between determinate and indeterminate cultivars occurred, but there was no consistent trend. Given the variable maturity in most fields and on individual pea plants, applications of preharvest glyphosate to peas destined for seed production may decrease seed germination and biomass accumulation.

Nomenclature: Glyphosate; field pea, Pisum sativum L. ‘Ascona’, ‘Miko’, ‘Radley’, ‘Trapper’.

Additional index words: Crop desiccation, determinate and indeterminate pea cultivars, harvest aid.

Abbreviations: SMC, seed moisture content.

MIRZA N. BAIG, A. LLOYD DARWENT, K. NEIL HARKER, and JOHN T. O'DONOVAN "Preharvest Applications of Glyphosate Affect Emergence and Seedling Growth of Field Pea (Pisum sativum)," Weed Technology 17(4), 655-665, (1 October 2003). https://doi.org/10.1614/Wt-02-075
Published: 1 October 2003
JOURNAL ARTICLE
11 PAGES


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