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1 July 2004 Addition of Nonionic Surfactant to Glyphosate Plus Chlorimuron
JASON K. NORSWORTHY, TIMOTHY L. GREY
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Abstract

Field studies were conducted in South Carolina and Georgia to evaluate weed control and soybean tolerance and yield after nonionic surfactant addition to combinations of chlorimuron plus an adjuvant-containing glyphosate formulation. Treatments included glyphosate alone, at 420 or 840 g ae/ha, or in combination with 6 or 9 g ai/ha chlorimuron and all possible combinations with or without 0.25% (v/v) nonionic surfactant. Other treatments included a weed-free and nontreated check. Chlorimuron plus glyphosate improved entireleaf, smallflower, and tall morningglory control over glyphosate alone, but nonionic surfactant addition did not further improve the control of any species, except tall morningglory. Up to 31% early-season injury was observed with the three-way mixture. Soybean injury was greater, and yields were reduced in one of three trials when nonionic surfactant was added to chlorimuron plus glyphosate combinations. This research indicates that there would be no benefit from the nonionic surfactant addition to this adjuvant-containing glyphosate formulation when combined with chlorimuron.

Nomenclature: Chlorimuron; glyphosate; entireleaf morningglory, Ipomoea hederacea var. integriuscula Gray #3 IPOHG; smallflower morningglory, Jacquemontia tamnifolia (L.) Griseb. # IAQTA; tall morningglory, Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth # PHBPU; soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr.

Additional index words: Adjuvant, crop injury, glyphosate-resistant soybean, herbicide mixtures.

Abbreviations: ALS, acetolactate synthase.

JASON K. NORSWORTHY and TIMOTHY L. GREY "Addition of Nonionic Surfactant to Glyphosate Plus Chlorimuron," Weed Technology 18(3), 588-593, (1 July 2004). https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-03-096R1
Published: 1 July 2004
JOURNAL ARTICLE
6 PAGES


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