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1 July 2004 MON-37500 for Weed Control and Alfalfa Seed Production
CLAYTON D. MYHRE, HEATHER A. LOEPPKY, F. CRAIG STEVENSON
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Abstract

Alfalfa seed producers have a limited number of herbicide options to manage weed problems. MON-37500 (proposed name sulfosulfuron) is a sulfonylurea herbicide that controls dandelion and quackgrass, two common weeds in alfalfa fields. A study was conducted in two alfalfa fields at Valparaiso and Carrot River, Saskatchewan, Canada, from 1999 to 2001 to evaluate perennial weed control and alfalfa production responses with 0.5×, 1×, and 1.5× label-recommended rates of MON-37500 and also 2,4-DB and hexazinone. MON-37500 applied at the 1× and 1.5× rates at both locations reduced mid-May alfalfa vigor from 100% to between 80 and 90% and increased early-season control of dandelion and quackgrass by about 10 to 40 percentage units, when compared with other herbicide treatments. Improved weed control with 1× and 1.5× MON-37500 rates was sustained into mid-June only at Carrot River and was completely eliminated (100% vigor and 0% weed control), or almost so, by mid-July. MON-37500 did not control Canada thistle. Improved early-season weed control with the 1× MON-37500 rate apparently compensated for the loss of alfalfa vigor at Valparaiso, thus resulting in 27% (57 kg/ha) greater seed yield than with the other herbicide treatments. At Carrot River, hexazinone generally provided levels of weed control similar to MON-37500 but did not injure alfalfa. Consequently, alfalfa yields were highest and the proportion of dead (decaying) seed was least with this treatment. The 0.5× MON-37500 rate often resulted in inferior weed control relative to the 1× and 1.5× rates and never was among the herbicide treatments providing the greatest seed yield. Managing the residual activity of MON-37500 and its negative effect on alfalfa growth, especially at locations with soils having coarse texture and low organic matter content, represents the greatest challenge in making MON-37500 a reliable weed management tool for alfalfa seed producers.

Nomenclature: 2,4-DB; hexazinone; MON-37500, N-[[(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)-amino]-carbonyl]-2-(ethyl-sulfonyl)imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-3-sulfonamide; Canada thistle, Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. #3 CIRAR; dandelion, Taraxacum officinale Weber in Wiggers # TAROF; quackgrass, Elytrigia repens (L.) Neviski # AGRRE; alfalfa, Medicago sativa L.

Additional index words: Herbicide management, sulfonylurea, weed interference.

CLAYTON D. MYHRE, HEATHER A. LOEPPKY, and F. CRAIG STEVENSON "MON-37500 for Weed Control and Alfalfa Seed Production," Weed Technology 18(3), 810-815, (1 July 2004). https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-03-211R2
Published: 1 July 2004
JOURNAL ARTICLE
6 PAGES


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