The effect of mechanical clearing and litter removal on control of Sydney golden wattle was studied in areas of Portugal that had been invaded for either long or short periods. The plant species that emerged and soil parameters were monitored to assess the recovery potential and the soil status of these areas after Sydney golden wattle control. More plant species emerged in the plots where mechanical control in combination with litter removal was applied than in nontreated plots or in plots where mechanical control alone was used. More plant species emerged in the recently invaded areas than in those that had been invaded for a long time. More Sydney golden wattle seedlings were found in the long-invaded area than in the recently invaded one. Total litter, nitrogen and carbon content, and β-glucosaminidase activity were higher in the soil of the long-invaded compared with the recently invaded areas. Regarding the efficacy of the methods used to remove Sydney golden wattle, sprouting was not observed 10 mo after cutting the trees in both areas, although this was not the case in other parallel studies.
Nomenclature: Sydney golden wattle, Acacia longifolia (Andrews) Willd.
Additional index words: Invasive plants, mechanical control, native species recovery, soil properties.
Abbreviations: A, with Acacia longifolia; AR, Acacia longifolia removed; ALR, Acacia longifolia and litter removed; NAG, N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase (NAGase EC 126.96.36.199); NRSJD, Natural Reserve of São Jacinto Dunes.