Small broomrape is an annual, parasitic weed that was discovered recently in Oregon's red clover seed production system. Field experiments were conducted in 2002 and 2003 at two locations to evaluate 10 herbicide treatments applied after small broomrape emergence in red clover. Bentazon, bromoxynil, glyphosate, imazamox, imazamox plus bentazon, imazethapyr, MCPA, and pendimethalin were evaluated. Small broomrape density, small broomrape seed viability after treatment, and clover injury and seed yield were quantified. Small broomrape control with imazamox, glyphosate, and imazamox plus bentazon treatments was greater than the nontreated check in both years. However, imazamox and imazamox plus bentazon treatments were the only herbicide treatments that consistently exhibited a high level of crop safety, reduced small broomrape density, and did not reduce red clover yield. Herbicide treatments did not prevent production of viable small broomrape seeds. Future research is needed to develop control options that will prevent red clover yield loss and viable small broomrape seed production when applied before small broomrape emergence.
Nomenclature: Bentazon; bromoxynil; glyphosate; imazamox; imazethapyr; MCPA; pendimethalin; small broomrape, Orobanche minor Sm. #3 ORAMI; red clover, Trifolium pratense L. # TRFRE.
Additional index words: Parasitic weed.
Abbreviations: DAT, days after treatment.