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1 April 2006 Comparison of a Glyphosate-Resistant Canola (Brassica napus L.) System with Traditional Herbicide Regimes
JOHN T. O'DONOVAN, K. NEIL HARKER, GEORGE W. CLAYTON, ROBERT E. BLACKSHAW
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Abstract

Herbicide-resistant cultivars account for over 90% of the canola grown in western Canada and cultivars resistant to glyphosate dominate the market. Field experiments were conducted at three locations in Alberta to compare the glyphosate system with more traditional herbicide regimes. Glyphosate applied before seeding in spring resulted in better weed control, lower dockage, and higher canola yield and net return than 2,4-D applied in the fall. Glyphosate applied once (two- to four-leaf canola) or twice (two- to four-leaf followed by five- to six-leaf canola) in-crop provided similar weed control, dockage, and canola yield as ethalfluralin applied PRE in the fall followed by an in-crop mixture of sethoxydim, ethametsulfuron, and clopyralid; and superior weed control and canola yield and lower dockage than ethalfluralin alone or an in-crop mixture of sethoxydim and ethametsulfuron. The in-crop glyphosate applications resulted in higher net revenues than the other treatments. There was little or no advantage to applying glyphosate twice compared with once in-crop. The amount of active ingredient entering the environment varied with the herbicide regime but was lower with the glyphosate system than with most of the traditional regimes, especially when glyphosate was applied only once in-crop.

Nomenclature: Clopyralid; 2,4-D; ethalfluralin; ethametsulfuron; glyphosate; sethoxydim; canola, Brassica napus L. ‘LG 3235’ and ‘DKL 3235’.

Additional index words: Conventional canola; dockage; economics; environmental impact; GMO; herbicide-resistant canola; weed biomass.

JOHN T. O'DONOVAN, K. NEIL HARKER, GEORGE W. CLAYTON, and ROBERT E. BLACKSHAW "Comparison of a Glyphosate-Resistant Canola (Brassica napus L.) System with Traditional Herbicide Regimes," Weed Technology 20(2), 494-501, (1 April 2006). https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-05-092R.1
Published: 1 April 2006
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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