Studies were conducted in 2002 and 2003 on a golf course fairway in New Jersey to compare spring, summer, and fall treatments of bispyribac-sodium for annual bluegrass control and creeping bentgrass tolerance. Single applications at 74, 111, or 148 g ai/ha were applied in May, August, or October. Split applications of 37 followed by (fb) 37 or 74 fb 74 g/ha applied 3 wk apart were also evaluated. Summer-applied bispyribac-sodium did not reduce bentgrass quality, whereas spring and fall treatments reduced turf quality at 3 wk after treatment and fall treatments in 2002 substantially reduced bentgrass quality. Summer treatments were more effective than spring or fall treatments in reducing annual bluegrass cover. Final evaluations revealed 36, 31, 21, and 26% annual bluegrass cover averaged across nontreated, spring-treated, summer-treated, and fall-treated plots, respectively. This study demonstrates that two split applications of bispyribac-sodium at 74 g/ha in summer can effectively reduce annual bluegrass cover while minimizing creeping bentgrass injury.
Nomenclature: Bispyribac-sodium, 2,6 bis[(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrmidinyl)oxy] benzoic acid; annual bluegrass, Poa annua var. annua (L.) Timm, var. reptans (Hausskn.) Timm #3 POAAN; creeping bentgrass, Agrostis stolonifera L. ‘L-93’ and ‘Penncross’.
Additional index words: Turf-grass tolerance.
Abbreviations: ALS, acetolactate synthase (EC 188.8.131.52); fb, followed by; WAT, weeks after treatment.