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1 July 2006 Rice (Oryza sativa) Response and Annual Grass Control with Graminicides
NATHAN W. BUEHRING, RONALD E. TALBERT, FORD L. BALDWIN
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Abstract

Field studies were conducted to evaluate rice injury and control of propanil-resistant and -susceptible (natural infestation) barnyardgrass, broadleaf signalgrass, and Amazon sprangletop with BAS 625, cyhalofop, and fenoxaprop plus the safener isoxadifen in rice. BAS 625 at 100 g ai/ha applied to two- to three-leaf rice resulted in 19 to 72% injury in three of four experiments. Fenoxaprop plus isoxadifen at 90 98 g ai/ha injured rice 11 to 31%, and cyhalofop at 280 g ai/ha consistently resulted in minimal rice injury. The most effective control (84 to 99%) of propanil-resistant and propanil-susceptible barnyardgrass across all experiments was achieved with sequential applications of the BAS 625 at 75 and 100 g ai/ha, cyhalofop at 210 and 280 g ai/ha, and fenoxaprop plus isoxadifen at 68 74 and 90 98 g ai/ha. When the graminicides were applied to four- to six-leaf rice (one tiller), propanil-resistant and propanil-susceptible barnyardgrass control was generally very poor. Fenoxaprop plus isoxadifen controlled broadleaf signalgrass 91 to 100%, even when applied once to four- to six-leaf rice. BAS 625 at 75 and 100 g ai/ha and cyhalofop at 210 and 280 g ai/ha applied sequentially provided consistent broadleaf signalgrass control (≥98%). Amazon sprangletop control was good (85 to 99%) with fenoxaprop plus isoxadifen at 45 49, 68 74, and 90 98 g ai/ha (applied in a single application or sequentially), BAS 625 at 100 g ai/ha applied to two- to three-leaf and four- to six-leaf rice or 50, 75, and 100 g ai/ha applied sequentially, and cyhalofop at 140, 210, and 280 g ai/ha applied to two- to three-leaf rice or sequentially.

Nomenclature: BAS 625, 2-[1-[2-(4-chlorophenoxy)propoxyimino]-butyl]3-oxo-5-thian-3-ylcyclohex-1-enol; cyhalofop; fenoxaprop; isoxadifen (4,5-dihydro-5,5-diphenyl-3-isoxazolecarboxylic acid); Amazon sprangletop, Leptochloa panicoides (Presl.) Hitchc. # LEFPA; barnyardgrass Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv. #3 ECHCG; broadleaf signalgrass, Brachiaria platyphylla (Griseb.) Nash. # BRAPP; rice, Oryza sativa L.

Additional index words: Application timing.

Abbreviations: ACCase, acetyl-CoA carboxylase; WAT, weeks after treatment.

NATHAN W. BUEHRING, RONALD E. TALBERT, and FORD L. BALDWIN "Rice (Oryza sativa) Response and Annual Grass Control with Graminicides," Weed Technology 20(3), 738-744, (1 July 2006). https://doi.org/10.1614/WT-05-153R.1
Published: 1 July 2006
JOURNAL ARTICLE
7 PAGES


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