Response of creeping bentgrass, annual bluegrass, and Kentucky bluegrass to foliar, soil, or foliar plus soil applications of bispyribac-sodium was evaluated in greenhouse studies. Soil-alone and foliar plus soil applications of bispyribac-sodium at 148 or 296 g ai/ha resulted in greater injury and shoot dry weight reduction of all species 28 d after treatment (DAT) compared to foliar-alone treatments. Creeping bentgrass was less injured than annual or Kentucky bluegrass regardless of application placement. Further studies evaluated foliar and root absorption and translocation of 14C-bispyribac-sodium in creeping bentgrass, annual bluegrass, Kentucky bluegrass, and roughtstalk bluegrass. Foliar absorption into creeping bentgrass was less than that of other species at most harvest timings from 4 to 72 h after treatment. Annual and roughstalk bluegrass translocated greater amounts of foliar-absorbed 14C to the crown and shoots compared to creeping bentgrass. Annual and roughstalk bluegrass accumulated approximately 47% more 14C per dry weight of plant tissue than creeping bentgrass and 74% more than Kentucky bluegrass after 72 h in nutrient solution containing 14C-bispyribac-sodium. Annual and roughstalk bluegrass translocated approximately 80% of root-absorbed 14C to shoots, whereas creeping bentgrass and Kentucky bluegrass translocated slightly less (66% of absorbed for both species). These studies suggest that bispyribac-sodium is readily absorbed by roots and translocated to shoots which may contribute to its total activity within a plant. In addition, creeping bentgrass displayed lower amounts of foliar and root absorption and subsequent translocation than annual and roughstalk bluegrass which may contribute to greater bispyribac-sodium tolerance displayed by creeping bentgrass.
Nomenclature: Bispyribac-sodium, annual bluegrass, Poa annua L. #3 POAAN, creeping bentgrass, Agrostis stolonifera L. ‘L-93’ #AGSST, roughstalk bluegrass, Poa trivialis L. ‘Winterplay’ #POATR, Kentucky bluegrass, Poa pratensis L. ‘Baron’ #POAPR.
Additional index words: Herbicide placement, site of uptake.
Abbreviations: ALS, acetolactate synthase (EC 184.108.40.206); HAT hours after treatment; LSS, liquid scintillation spectroscopy; WAT, weeks after treatment.