Studies were conducted at three locations in North Carolina in 2004 to evaluate density-dependent effects of glyphosate-resistant (GR) corn on GR cotton growth and lint yield. GR corn was taller than GR cotton as early as 25 d after planting, depending on location. A GR corn density of 5.25 plant/m of crop row reduced late season cotton height by 49, 24, and 28% at Clayton, Lewiston–Woodville, and Rocky Mount, respectively, compared to weed-free cotton height. At Clayton, GR corn dry biomass per m crop row and GR corn seed biomass per m of crop row decreased linearly with increasing corn density. The relationship between GR corn and GR cotton yield loss was described by the rectangular hyperbola model with the asymptote (a) constrained to 100% maximum yield loss. The estimated coefficient i (yield loss per unit density as density approaches zero) was 9, 5, and 5 at Clayton, Lewiston–Woodville, and Rocky Mount, respectively. The examined GR corn densities had a significant effect on cotton yield, but not as significant as many other problematic grass and broadleaf weeds.
Nomenclature: Glyphosate; corn, Zea mays L., ZEAMX, ‘DKC 69-71RR’; cotton, Gossypium hirsutum L. ‘FM 989RR’, ‘ST 4892RR’.