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1 January 2009 Influence of Glyphosate-Resistant Horseweed (Conyza Canadensis) Growth Stage on Response to Glyphosate Applications
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Infestations of glyphosate-resistant (GR) horseweed have become widespread in the eastern United States. This biotype is problematic in no-tillage production that relies extensively on glyphosate for weed control. Because horseweed is treated at various stages of growth, a greenhouse study explored rate response of glyphosate-resistant and -susceptible horseweed at three growth stages. GR horseweed was more responsive to glyphosate at the seedling stage than at the large rosette or bolting stages. A field study evaluated GR horseweed response when treated with glyphosate at soybean planting time, POST in-crop (about 45 d after planting), or both at planting and POST in-crop. There was a cumulative effect of the at-planting followed by POST in-crop glyphosate applications. When evaluating single glyphosate applications, the at-planting application was more effective at suppressing GR horseweed than a POST in-crop application. Because glyphosate cannot control GR horseweed, this biotype should be controlled with an herbicide with an alternate mode of action and applied at the most effective timing.

Nomenclature: Glyphosate; horseweed, Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq.; soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr

Mark J. VanGessel, Barbara A. Scott, Quintin R. Johnson, and Susan E. White-Hansen "Influence of Glyphosate-Resistant Horseweed (Conyza Canadensis) Growth Stage on Response to Glyphosate Applications," Weed Technology 23(1), 49-53, (1 January 2009).
Received: 2 July 2007; Accepted: 1 November 2008; Published: 1 January 2009

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